The sacred city of Machu Picchu is located 130 km northwest of Cusco, in the basket of the mountain Machu Picchu, the Urubamba Valley at an altitude of 2490 meters over sea level. Machu Picchu Mountain translated into Spanish or old, is a citadel built by the Inca Pachacuti XV, at the time of the Inca empire. It is one of the architectural and archaeological most important of the Incas. It was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1983. It is the most visited tourist destination in Peru and one of the most important archaeological centers in South America.
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Machu Picchu was discovered on July 24, 1911 by U.S. explorer Hiram Bingham. After nearly a century of discovery, thanks to recent studies, one can assume that the citadel of Machu Picchu was, like the pyramids of the pharaohs of Egypt.
Its unique architectural features and landscaping, and the veil of mystery that has woven around much of the literature published on the site, they have become one of the most popular tourist destinations on the planet.
Machu Picchu is pure and overwhelming mystical spirituality, is a monument to the relationship between the bad and the divine. It is one of the largest architectural works of the Incas, having been built in a place that means addressing the major topographical, but with this rugged and inaccessible region, the citadel has some spectacular landscapes.
Machu Picchu occupies 530 meters long by 200 wide and is divided into two areas, agriculture is characterized by a series of terraces used for farming and urban areas where the occupants lived and where they carried out the main civil and religious activities . Both areas are separated by a wall, a moat and a staircase, all of which run parallel to the hill east of the mountain. And a total of at least 172 precincts.
According to the predominant function can distinguish the following sites: The Inca city of Machu Picchu and Patallaqta Urban Center.
Archeological sites: Wiñaywayna, Choquesuysuy Intipata and other living areas or villages farming terraces, hydraulic engineering, road works and road Centers ceremonial funerary contexts, quarries and mines.
In the citadel few people lived, and if the suspicion is true, all were of high rank and were linked to the lineage of the Inca, that is, were descendants of the founder of Tawantinsuyu.
This tourist destination, popular throughout the world, becomes in the eyes of visitors in a journey to the past where Inca life reappears before the spectators.
Map Machu Picchu, Cusco Peru