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Galapagos Wildlife, Albatrosses

The albatrosses are seabirds par excellence, are endemic to the Galapagos Islands. They spend most of his life at sea, flying sometimes hundreds of miles a day. Albatrosses are the largest bird of wings in the world, which imposes some physical constraints in order to fly, can be observed only Española Island.

Data of interest

  • Scientific name:Phoebastria irrorata
  • Class:Birds
  • Family:Diomedeidae
  • Size:2 m
  • Weight:3 a 4 kg

 

 

Albatrosses of Galapagos

Albatrosses are the largest birds in the Galapagos Archipelago with a wingspan of 240 cm from tip to tip of wings, the entire population of albatross comes to the Spanish island to nest and breed.

They differ from other albatross for having the bright yellow beak and neck ivory. His head white and gray body with clear striations. Of all the flying birds, have the highest rate of support, ie the minimum speed required to stay in flight.

Galapagos Albatrosses feed on fish, squid and crustaceans. But they have been observed feeding in other ways, including food regurgitated by other birds. To feed, these albatrosses follow straight paths to a single place off the coast of Peru, about 1000 km east of their breeding grounds. During the periods when not breeding, these birds live mainly the coasts of Peru and Ecuador.

They reproduce every two years, reaching sexual maturity around 10 years of age. Builds the nest with feathers, moss and excrement in areas separated from each other more than 20 m. The female lays a single egg white, both parents brood until they hatch 80 days later. If it breaks the egg or the chick dies within a few days old, you may return the following year to nest. Although it reaches maturity after ten years and only produce one chick every two or three years, the population of this bird is large, and coming to live more than forty years.

The population of this albatross is protected by the staff of the Galapagos National Park but are vulnerable because of illegal fishing and tourism.

Actividades en Galápagos, Buceo

Galapagos Wildlife

 

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