Cayapas-Mataje Ecological Reserve is located in the northern province of Esmeraldas, characterized by extensive mangrove forest, where rise the tallest mangroves in the world. Has an area of 51 300 hectares, the high percentage of species that inhabit the area made it a unique source of plant and animal biodiversity.
The Cayapas-Mataje Ecological Reserve is a growing area of food resources such as shells, fish, shrimps and blue crabs, which constitute an important part of the diet of Awa and Chachi communities.
It was created on October 26, 1995. The nature reserve statement arose from the need to counter the processes of exploitation and environmental pollution were developed in the area.
The reserve its name to the rivers that limit their territory. The Cayapas which in turn has three waterways: Santiago, Onzole, San Miguel and Mataje, located on the border with Colombia.
This forest reserve consists of various types of mangroves: the red, red, white and black. Associated mangrove many aquatic species living: the shell male, female shell, oysters, red crab and blue crab, among the mammals are the Periquillo and small anteater.
In addition to the reservation Cayapas-Mataje are several species that have been declared endangered. Among the highlights are the otter or wolf, parrot and crocodile.
The reserve is also guandal forests, wetlands characterized as very unstable floors, where there are trees cuĂˇngare, sajo, Tangarara, anime and sande.
Amongst the most representative landscapes of the area, we noted: Majagual mangroves, La Tolita (Pampa de oro), Estero El Viento, San Pedro beaches and Cauchal, The population of Palma Real, La Cascada and Salto and Population San Lorenzo, located on the border of the reserve, where you can find hotels, restaurants and all the facilities to embark and launch any trip into the area.
Map Cayapas-Mataje Ecological Reserve, Esmeraldas Ecuador
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