The Galapagos Islands were named in honor of the 250,000 giant tortoises living in the islands. They inhabit the islands of the archipelago of the Galapagos, located in and the ocean Pacíico, about 1000km of the coast of Ecuador. In the archipelago there were 14 subspecies of which 11 still exist. Extinction due to hunting and the introduction of other species such as goats, pigs, dogs and other animals that are stepping or eat the turtle eggs.
The Galapagos tortoise is a herbivore herbivore that feeds on cactus, fruits, bromeliads, water ferns, leaves and herbs. They have a huge water storage capacity, allowing them to survive the summer.
They have a huge water storage capacity, allowing them to survive the summer. Turtles can live to be 100 years and reach measured about 1.5 m in length and weigh about 225 kg (500 lb). They are the largest turtles in the world and are recognized as the oldest living vertebrate creatures. The oldest tortoise in the world lived 152 years.
The largest populations of Galapagos tortoises are found on Isabela and Santa Cruz islands, varying in size, shape of their shells and neck.
In 1959 the Galapagos National Park and the Charles Darwin Foundation (CDF) was created to restore the Galapagos as one of the largest environmental events in the world, a task which included the preservation of the most representative and important species, the Galapagos giant tortoise .
In Charles Darwin Foundation is Lonesome George, a male of a species of turtle, if you can not have children, will disappear forever.
It is an endemic species of the Pinta Island, now in the Foundation together with females of related subspecies but these have been made until now infertile.
The Galapagos Islands are protected areas for conservation and survival of the Galapagos tortoise and other species of flora and fauna.